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vulnerability assessments

Vulnerability Assessments 

are systematic reviews conducted to identify, quantify, and prioritise vulnerabilities within systems, networks, applications, or organisations. Vulnerability remediation prioritisation is done keeping in context operational aspects and risk exposure. Oya can perform vulnerability assessments on: 

Network Vulnerability Assessment - scans network devices, servers, routers, switches, and firewalls for vulnerabilities. Identifies misconfigurations, open ports, and potential security weaknesses. Helps organisations understand their network's exposure to potential threats.

Web Application Vulnerability Assessment - focuses on identifying vulnerabilities in web applications and websites. Detects common issues like SQL injection, Cross-Site Scripting (XSS), Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF), and insecure authentication mechanisms. Helps protect against web-based attacks.

Database Vulnerability Assessment - evaluates the security of databases, including configuration issues, weak access controls, and sensitive data exposure. Aims to prevent data breaches and unauthorised access to critical information.

Wireless Network Vulnerability Assessment - examines the security of wireless networks, including Wi-Fi access points and wireless protocols. Identifies vulnerabilities that could lead to unauthorized access or data interception.

Cloud Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessment - evaluates the security of cloud-based resources and configurations. Identifies misconfigured cloud services, data exposure risks, and potential cloud-specific vulnerabilities.

Physical Security Assessment - focuses on physical security controls such as access control systems, surveillance, and facility entry points. Helps organisations protect against unauthorised physical access and security breaches.

Social Engineering Assessment - assesses an organisation's susceptibility to social engineering attacks, including phishing, pretexting, and tailgating. Measures employee awareness and response to social engineering tactics.

IoT Device Assessments - evaluates the security of IoT devices and their impact on the network. Identifies vulnerabilities in connected devices that could be exploited to gain access or disrupt operations.

OyaSecurity services are based on the NIST _CSF_v2



The Govern Function is cross-cutting and provides outcomes to inform how an organisation will achieve and prioritise the outcomes of the other five functions in the context of its mission and stakeholder expectations. Governance activities are critical for incorporating cybersecurity into an organisation’s broader enterprise risk management strategy. GOVERN directs an understanding of organisational context; the establishment of cybersecurity strategy and cybersecurity supply chain risk management; roles, responsibilities, and authorities; policies, processes, and procedures; and the oversight of cybersecurity strategy.



The Identify function determine the current cybersecurity risk to the organisation. Understanding its assets (e.g., data, hardware, software, systems, facilities, services, people) and the related cybersecurity risks enables an organisation to focus and prioritise its efforts in a manner consistent with its risk management strategy and the mission needs identified. This Function also includes the identification of improvements needed for the organisation’s policies, processes, procedures, and practices supporting cybersecurity risk management.



The protect function ensures the deployment of safeguards to prevent or reduce cybersecurity risk. Once assets and risks are identified and prioritised, the protect function supports the ability to secure those assets to prevent or lower the likelihood and impact of adverse cybersecurity events. Outcomes covered by this Function include awareness and training; data security; identity management, authentication, and access control; platform security (i.e., securing the hardware, software, and services of physical and virtual platforms); and the resilience of technology infrastructure.



The detect function analysis possible cybersecurity attacks and compromises. The Detect function enables timely discovery and analysis of anomalies, indicators of compromise, and other potentially adverse cybersecurity events that may indicate that cybersecurity attacks and incidents are occurring.



The Respond Function takes action regarding a detected cybersecurity incident. Respond supports the ability to contain the impact of cybersecurity incidents. Outcomes within this Function cover incident management, analysis, mitigation, reporting, and communication.



The Recover Function restores assets and operations that were impacted by a cybersecurity incident. Recover supports timely restoration of normal operations to reduce the impact of cybersecurity incidents and enable appropriate communication during recovery efforts.

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